Important Safety Information
The DuoDote Auto-Injector should be administered by emergency medical services personnel who have had adequate training in the recognition and treatment of nerve agent or insecticide intoxication. It is intended as an initial treatment of the symptoms of organophosphorous nerve agent or insecticide poisoning; definitive medical care should be sought immediately.
Individuals should not rely solely upon agents such as atropine and pralidoxime to provide complete protection from organophosphorous nerve agents and insecticide poisoning. Primary protection against exposure to organophosphorous nerve agents and insecticides is the wearing of protective garments including masks designed specifically for this use. Evacuation and decontamination procedures should be undertaken as soon as possible. Medical personnel assisting evacuated victims of organophosphorous nerve agent or insecticide poisoning should avoid contaminating themselves by exposure to the victim's clothing.
In the presence of life-threatening poisoning by organophosphorous nerve agents or insecticides there are no absolute contraindications to the use of DuoDote. When symptoms of poisoning are not severe, DuoDote should be used with extreme caution in people with heart disease, arrhythmias, recent myocardial infarction, severe narrow angle glaucoma, pyloric stenosis, prostatic hypertrophy, significant renal insufficiency, chronic pulmonary disease, or hypersensitivity to any compound of the product.
No more than three doses should be administered unless definitive medical care (eg, hospitalization, respiratory support) is available. Elderly people and children may be more susceptible to the effects of atropine. DuoDote is pregnancy Category C and should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established.
Muscle tightness and sometimes pain may occur at the injection site. The most common adverse effects of atropine can be attributed to its antimuscarinic action and include dryness of mouth, blurred vision, dry eyes, photophobia, confusion, headache, and dizziness among others. Pralidoxime chloride's adverse effects include changes in vision, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, nausea, tachycardia, increased blood pressure, muscular weakness, dry mouth, emesis, rash, dry skin, hyperventilation, decreased renal function, excitement, manic behavior, and transient elevation of liver enzymes and creatine phosphokinase. When atropine and pralidoxime are used together, the signs of atropinization may occur earlier than might be expected when atropine is used alone.